Hip arthoplasty is a total hip replacement of the ball and socket joint and part of the upper thigh with an artificial prosthetic joint. People who need hip replacements may have severe arthritis in their hip joints, or bone fractures from injury. After arthoplasty and physical rehabilitation, a person can regain full range of motion in their hips again. Patients can expect to be able to walk with assistance by the next day and recover to walk independently within a few days after surgery.
Hip arthoplasty is the most common type of joint replacement surgery. Over a million total hip replacements are performed yearly around the world by dozens of countries. That number is expected to rise dramatically over the next decade as hip procedures become more standard in care.