Retinal detachment is a serious condition leading to blindness. Injury to the eye or head can cause all or part of the retina to detach from its supporting tissues. Chronic inflammation of the eye, diabetes, cataract surgery, extreme myopia and certain types of eyedrops may increase the risk of retinal detachment.
Surgery is required to repair tears and detachments. Tears are sealed by laser, freezing or electricity, and a scleral buckle is added to hold the loose retina to the eyeball. Pneumatic retinopexy uses an air bubble to push the loose portion of the retina against the sclera wall. Vitrectomy is used in severe cases, and temporarily removes all the fluid from the eye to reposition the retina. India, Canada, Mexico and other countries offer options for treatment/surgery abroad.