Both male and female fertility problems make it significantly harder to get pregnant. One medical procedure that is available for men and women with fertility problems is intracytoplasmic sperm injection. This is a medical procedure where the sperm is injected directly into the egg. The end goal of the procedure is to help couples achieve a fertilized embryo.
To maximize the chances that the female partner will become pregnant, vaginal ultrasound is used to cause vaginal stimulation, which helps multiple eggs develop. The sperm must also be prepared by using centrifuging, which is the act of spinning the sperm cells so that debris and dead sperm cells are separated from live sperm cells. Since not all countries offer intracytoplasmic sperm injection, many patients will turn to medical tourism for help where the success rates are the highest.