Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where insulin producing cells in the pancreas are destroyed, reducing the body’s ability to metabolize glucose, which causes a host of health problems. Unlike type 2 diabetes, which can largely be controlled or even cured through diet and lifestyle changes, type 1 diabetes is generally fatal unless treated with insulin. However, other forms of treatment are becoming available.
Treatment options for type 1 diabetes like pancreas transplants are available, but patients from many countries may have to travel abroad in order to receive a donor pancreas. Stem cell therapy also shows great promise for treating type 1 diabetes, but it is only available in a handful of countries. Type 1 diabetics interested in this therapy may want to consider traveling to receive treatment.