Patent Ductus Arteriosis, otherwise known as a PDA, is a heart disorder that affects newborns when the ductus, or artery between the heart and lungs fails to close shortly after birth. This disorder affects more girls than boys and is common in premature infants. In some cases, PDA can repair itself, however in many cases, treatment is needed. Symptoms of PDA include shortness of breath, increase need for oxygen, failure to thrive and heart murmur.
When the infant is having symptoms of PDA and medication does not work, the infant may need surgery. The surgery is preformed under general anesthesia. The surgeon makes a small incision between the infant's ribs and will close the artery using stitches or clips. Surgery is minimally invasive and usually only requires a short hospitalization.