Urology is a specialized branch of medicine that focuses on the male and female urinary tracts as well as the male reproductive system. Medical specialists in this field of medicine are called urologists. They are trained to detect, diagnose, treat and manage patients with urologic disorders or problems with the male reproductive organs. Gynecologists treat problems with the female reproductive organs.
Urological science studies and treats numerous body organs including the kidneys, urinary bladder, ureters, urethra and adrenal glands. Urology also deals with medical conditions involving the male reproductive organs: the testes, prostate, penis, epididymis, vas deferens and seminal vesicles.
Since the urinary and reproductive tracts are closely related, urological disorders may affect more than one organ or system. Urology combines the management of medical problems like urinary tract infections with surgical procedures for cancer and other abnormalities. This branch of medicine often overlaps with nephrology, andrology, gynecology, oncology and other medical specialties.
Urologic Treatment and Medical Tourism
Urologists attend to many different diseases and disorders. They provide hundreds of minimally invasive procedures for urologic and reproductive problems. They also perform complex surgical procedures and advanced medical care when necessary.
Most urologic treatments involve tests, procedures and hospital stays. While many of these treatments are covered by medical insurance, some people do not have adequate insurance to completely cover the costs. The ever-rising costs of insurance premiums and medical services drive many people to travel abroad for urologic treatments. Urology is a growing sub-category of the booming medical tourism industry.
Medical tourism is also called medical travel, health tourism and global healthcare. Travel agencies use all four terms to describe travel across international borders for medical reasons. Cost savings is the primary motivation for medical travel. This type of tourism often involves American patients leaving the United States for medical treatment abroad.
Many international hospitals offer urologic treatment and surgery to foreign patients. These medical centers usually have national and international accreditation. World class urologists practice in hospitals throughout Europe, Latin America, the Middle East and Southeast Asia. Medical travel agencies have access to international databases where patients can search for treatment destinations by urology center, treatment procedure and country.
Urology Tests and Procedures
Medical tourism physicians and surgeons are leaders in urological science, medical research and treatment procedures. They offer the most advanced imaging scans, medical tests and surgeries available to patients with urologic problems. Many of these tests and procedures cost a fraction of the price of urology treatments at home.
An array of specialty services are offered through medical tourism urology. They include bladder reconstruction and sling procedures, computerized tomography (CT) scans of the kidneys, lithotripsy to destroy kidney stones, prostate biopsies and cancer treatments, minimally invasive da Vinci robotic procedures, medical treatment for erectile dysfunction, penis reconstructive surgery, physical therapy and more.
Many urologic procedures involve endoscopic or robotic procedures; they are both precise and less invasive than other surgeries. Patients experience less bleeding and discomfort following these procedures, and the recovery period is shorter.
Some international hospitals are ranked among the best in the world for urology services. Minimally invasive operations are less expensive than complex surgeries, and they often produce excellent results. Foreign patients have shorter hospital stays after these operations, and recovery occurs in some of the most relaxing environments in the world.